Slurpy, savory multi-tasking goodness in a bowl. Its gut-soothing properties are restorative regardless of the time of year, but since the holidays are upon us, there is no better time than now to make a batch
Not only is bone broth full of vitamins, minerals and collagen, it is a front line remedy for the cold, flu or just plain overindulgence. Making broth dates back centuries, yet it is often overlooked as a Thanksgiving staple.
The basic difference between bone broth and meat stock is that bone broth simmers for about 10-12 hours happily unattended in a crock pot while meat stock only takes about 4-5 hours to prepare. Think of bone broth as a culinary blood transfusion while meat stock is more of a B12 shot. Bone broth’s superpowers come from the release of rich minerals and collagen from longer simmering.
So this Thanksgiving, after spending what amounts to a filet mignon price tag for a modest size free range hormone-free no-crap-added local turkey, I relented if only to make the best possible turkey bone broth for The Day After. Bone broth is ridiculously simple to make and you have most of the items on hand anyway. If you do not have a crock pot, a stock pot will work on top of the stove but will need more of your attention. So whether you spatchcock (butterfly) your turkey this year or not, don’t let those expensive bones go to waste.
And while giving thanks at your table, don’t forget to thank your turkey!
bones from roasted turkey (with bits of meat attached)
2 onions quartered
3 whole cloves of garlic
3-4 carrots cut in half
3-4 celery stalks cut in half
1 turnip cut in half
2 tablespoons apple cider vinegar (helps leach out minerals from turkey bones)
four quarts of water to cover bones (add more if needed)
a couple of sprigs of parsley and thyme
Bring above ingredients to a simmer on low in a crock pot and set timer for about 10 hours. That’s it. Periodically skim any foam on top of broth. Bones will be falling apart towards the end at which time you need to add salt and pepper to taste. Let cool and take another large pot and place a colander over it into which you strain the bones and veggies so you are only left with the clear broth. Pour the finished broth into one pint containers and freeze what you can’t use in the next couple of days. This is your base and you can sip it as is or add back some chopped up bits of leftover turkey meat and vegetables, or cooked rice, noodles or pastina. If you refrigerate it, you should see some jiggling action in the broth. Now you won’t find that in any boxed stuff. Here’s to a happy and healthy year!
Confession: I tend to like my food a bit “tipsy.” In my defense, Mom and the Zias taught me early on that the addition of wine, brandy or cognac was a reliable way to make most anything more delicious, whether it’s pork, braised mushrooms or cream sauces. It’s just chemistry, I suppose. Before anybody gets worked up, let me remind you that the alcohol content burns off during the cooking process, so it’s all but impossible to acquire a buzz from my Risotto alla Milanese. Sorry!
Well, I’m making it up to you with this bewitching little trifle, which I sometimes call “Tirami-cello.” It combines lemon mousse, white chocolate shavings and ladyfingers bathed in a high-octane lemon liquor, aka Limoncello. This creamy concoction is sweet, tart, potent and all grown up. Whip this up when there’s reason to celebrate or for some sweet consolation after a long work week. If it’s too strong for you, adjust the Limoncello/orange juice ratio until you find your perfect balance ~ Buon Appetito and Cin Cin ~
1-17 oz. package of Savoiardi ladyfingers (the crispy kind!)
1 jar lemon curd
3 cups whipping cream
3 tbs. sugar
1 cup Limoncello (you may substitute Grand Marnier or light rum)
1 1/2 cups orange juice
the rind and juice of two lemons
shaved white chocolate, for garnish
blackberries or strawberries, for garnish
Add sugar to the heavy cream and whip until soft peaks form. Fold in the lemon juice, lemon rind and lemon curd. In a small shallow dish, combine the Limoncello and orange juice. Dip each ladyfinger into the mixture for about two seconds on each side. Place the soaked ladyfingers on the bottom of a 13 x 9 inch baking dish, breaking them if necessary, to fit the bottom.
Spread the cream mixture over the ladyfingers and arrange another layer of soaked ladyfingers and top with remaining cream. You should get three layers. Top the final layer of lady fingers with cream, cover with plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least 8 hours or overnight. It will taste even better the next day. Before serving, sprinkle with white chocolate shavings and decorate with berries, if you like. Serves 8.
“I know I am but summer to your heart, and not the full four seasons of the year.” Edna St. Vincent Millay
When I came across this passage recently, I immediately thought of our modest garden. So I am yelling at Edna to cheer up, it doesn’t have to end this way, at least not in garden romance. As summer is drawing to an end here in Delaware, I admit I get a touch nostalgic about what I will be missing the rest of the year. My MacGyver fix to this sad situation is to utilize the fruits of container gardening and farmers markets . Of course, this led to an excuse to buy an extra freezer for the garage to satisfy my inner farmer girl fantasies. Even if you live in an apartment, you can figure out some small way to keep summer alive (besides the screensaver on your computer.)
Lacking space and enough sun for a full farmette, we made do with large wood and clay containers and half barrels in front of our sunny porch, all mixed in with flower baskets. My must haves this year were all varieties of heirloom tomatoes, peppers and herbs.
After eating our fill of fresh tomatoes either out of hand, chopped in a salad or pasta, I made my first batch of marinara sauce with tomatoes as they ripened. Just cut up at least a dozen ripe tomatoes and put them through a food mill to remove seeds and peel. Saute some chopped garlic and a small onion in olive oil and add the pureed tomatoes. Simmer a couple of hours until liquid has reduced to your preferred consistency. Add some snipped fresh basil in the last 1/2 hour, salt ands pepper to taste.
I also have stuffed these cute little mini sweet bell peppers. You can find them sold in little bags at most markets. Cubanelle peppers will also work. They can be used as appetizer finger food, or accompany any meal as a side dish. Just cut the top hat off about two dozen mini peppers and remove the seeds. Coat peppers on the outside with a little EVOO and place them on a cookie sheet. Fill each with the cheese stuffing mix below about 3/4 of the way down the cavity and top with the bread crumb mixture. Bake at 325 degrees for about 45 minutes or until the peppers appear softened and crumbs are golden.
Cheesy Pepper Stuffing:
Combine 1/2 cup Pecorino or Parmesan cheese
1 – 8 oz. pkg. softened cream cheese
1/2 tsp. garlic powder
1 cup shredded Asiago cheese
Saute one minced shallot and two cloves garlic in some olive oil, and then stir in one cup Italian Panko bread crumbs.
(Optional add-ins: you can add other flavors into the cheese stuffing mix such as sauteed Italian sausage meat or chopped pancetta or prosciutto)
I am now starting to freeze veggies, sauces and soups so when I open my freezer this winter, there will always be a ray of summer sunshine at hand.
Love always finds a way!
Chef, a delicious new indie film, features some majorly impressive food porn, mostly of the Cuban kind. But one seductive scene features the title character, awesomely portrayed by John Favreau, cooking up an after-hours, bad-ass batch of pasta with garlic and hot pepper for his would-be-lovah (Scarlett Johannson).
Audience members – at my screening anyway – could barely contain their enthusiasm. The opportunity to then watch ScarJo enjoy the final product was, to mix food metaphors, icing on the cinematic cake.
Yay for this well-deserved dose of pop culture love for “la cucina povera” (Italian peasant cooking)! Looking back, I find it both crazy – and adorable – that my mother wouldn’t have dreamed to serve this deliciousness to guests. Times have changed, Mom! xoxo
1 pound dried spaghetti (preferably DeCecco)
1 cup extra-virgin olive oil
12 large garlic cloves, sliced paper thin (or as close as you can get)
1 tsp red pepper flakes (more if you like things hot)
1 cup fresh parsley, minced
½ cup parmesan cheese (preferably parmiggiano reggiano)
1 tsp salt
2 lemons (a stroke of genius from the film!)
Bring a large pot of salted water to a boil and add the spaghetti, cooking until al dente, about 8 minutes. Drain, and reserve 1/4 cup of the cooking water.
While the pasta cooks, heat the olive oil in a large pan, reduce to medium low, add the garlic and stir frequently until it’s golden blonde, about 5-7 minutes. Don’t let it get too dark, it will change the flavor. Stir in the red pepper, black pepper and salt.
Add the drained spaghetti directly to the pan, along with 1/4 cup reserved pasta water and toss with the garlic and oil.
Remove pan from heat, add the parsley and Parmesan and toss well until coated. Squeeze in lemon juice to taste and adjust salt or pepper if need be. Finish with another dusting of Parmesan.
Serves 4 – 6
I am cautiously giddy right now and have already turned the calendar to March. I am so done with winter, I can’t even muster up any humor. It’s all been sucked out of me by the arctic vortex. If you ever watched the movies “The Shining” or “The Day After Tomorrow”, you get it….or you lived it. Either way, it has been a nightmare.
Soft comfort foods like soups, stews and pasta are great, but don’t always work for such long stretches of misery. I don’t want to be a whining baby anymore. It’s time to bite something, preferably something tasty and crunchy. Here’s the last thing that put a smile on my face as I flipped the bird at winter.
8 – 10 thin sliced chicken cutlets
sift about 2 cups rice flour (best for crunch)and 1 tsp. garlic powder, and pinch of salt and pepper for dredging
2 cups Italian Panko breadcrumbs mixed with 3/4 cup grated Parmigiano
2 large eggs, beaten
1 pint cherry tomatoes cut in half
2 cloves minced garlic
1 Tbs. chopped fresh basil
1 pkg. sliced fresh mozzarella
First place the tomatoes, minced garlic and basil in a shallow 8 inch baking pan. Drizzle with olive oil and add pinch of sea salt. Roast at 325 degrees for 40 minutes to an hour until slightly caramelized. While they are roasting, line up a bowl each of the flour, egg mixture and the Panko/Parm in assembly line fashion. Dip each cutlet right out of the package first in flour, then egg and then press into the breadcrumbs and lay out in large platter until all are coated. Let set for 10 minutes.
Heat about 1/2 inch of canola oil in a large frying pan and fry cutlets in small batches on medium-high heat for about 4 minutes on each side and they turn golden brown. Do not crowd in pan or they will steam. Here is the important part. As they are done, lay them on a cooling rack like what you would use for cooling cookies. I use a cookie sheet lined with foil and put the rack on top. I lay each cutlet in one layer so air can circulate on top and under each cutlet which prevents them from steaming and getting soggy. When they are all done I place a slice of fresh mozzarella on each and put the whole tray in the oven until cheese melts. I add a scoop of the roasted tomatoes on top right before serving. You have all the good flavors of each ingredient with a nice crunch.
I like this with a salad and roasted asparagus. You can also use your own simple marinara sauce to save time, or enjoy the cutlets on crunchy Italian bread.
Wait……I think I hear robins singing out there!! It won’t be long now.
Three weeks into 2014 and the northeast has racked up at least three winter storms. We’ve also been introduced to a new cold weather beast known as the PolarVortex. Two, in fact. This continual spanking by Mother Nature can can take its toll very quickly. But on the bright side, it also presents a prime opportunity to brew up some Vin Brule’, Italian spiced mulled wine. Hey, with all the shoveling, school closings and delays, dead batteries, fishtailing cars and ice scraping, we all deserve to kick back with a mug of this stuff.
1 bottle full bodied red wine
2 cinnamon sticks
½ to ¾ cup sugar (start with less and adjust as you go along)
4 to 8 cloves (to taste)
A dash of nutmeg
The zest of one orange
The zest of one lemon
In a small pot, and over a medium flame, combine all the ingredients and stir until the sugar is dissolved. As soon as this witch’s brew comes to a boil, lower the flame and let it mull looow and slooow. Ladle into a mug (leaving behind the rinds and spices, of course) and enjoy.
If you prefer remove the alcohol content, you can flambé it (carefully please!). Just hover a lit match a few inches above the surface of the simmering wine until the vapors ignite. A less dramatic way to neutralize this potion is to bring it to a hard boil for a few minutes until the alcohol is burned off. But you won’t find me flambee-ing anything. I personally enjoy how the first sip of this stuff seems to travel all the way down to my toes, bringing warmth and buzzy good vibes.
Feel free to improvise the spices and the sugar content to your liking. You can also divide the recipe to take advantage of any leftover, opened bottles of wine you might have. The wine need not be fancy and you can even mix different reds. The spices, sugar and heat have a way of making everyone play nice together. In fact, in a pinch, you can even warm a single serving of wine in the microwave and enjoy a solo version by the mug. Cin-Cin!
No buzz-kill intended, but let’s face it, at some point you’re not going to feel your best over this winter. Whether it’s the result of a cold, flu, over-indulgence or just the plain old blues, you’re going to wish you had this cure-all vegetable soup in your recovery arsenal. How many times have you stood in front of the refrigerator and stared into oblivion hoping something good would jump out at you. Or you wander over to the pantry only to find one lonely expired can of salty soup?
Make this nutritious soup now while you can, eat some and freeze the rest for a rainy day. Take care of your inner child, your stomach will thank you as each soothing slurp restores your strength for whatever life throws at you. Happy New Year! I’m ready…..are you?
2 quarts chicken broth (if not homemade, I cheat with Progresso Tuscany Style or Chicken Soup for the Soul Italian Style broths)
1 large chopped onion
3 cloves minced garlic
3 chopped carrots
3 diced celery stalks
1/3 head of shredded white or Savoy cabbage
1 large cubed potato
1 zucchini (seeds removed and green part cubed)
1-15 oz. can of navy or cannellini beans (not drained)
1 cup Orzo pasta (or similar pastina)
1/2 cup tomato sauce (or leftover marinara sauce)
2 fistfuls (how’s that for an Italian measurement?) baby kale or baby spinach
grated Parmesan & EVOO
1 tbs. chopped basil
This soup takes less than an hour to make. The hardest part is getting your produce together and chopping it so you can add the ingredients to the pot in the following order. In a large soup pot, drizzle the olive oil to coat and saute the chopped onion until translucent. Add the minced garlic and stir for a minute. Add the diced celery and carrots and saute another two minutes. Pour in the broth and bring to a low simmer. Add the cubed potato and shredded cabbage and tomato sauce. Simmer for 1/2 hour. Add the cut zucchini, beans, baby kale or spinach and stir. Continue to simmer on low.
In separate small pot, cook the one cup of Orzo al dente (ditali or any small pasta also works), drain and mix into the soup along with finely chopped basil. Serve and garnish with grated Parmesan and hunks of crusty Italian bread.
Have a Happy and Healthy New Year!
Well, it’s been over a month since Lisa and I returned from our Italian adventure. I often find myself looking at pictures I took in disbelief that I actually got on a plane to get there. The last time I traveled to Italy was by boat….a BIG boat and I was 13. I haven’t flown anywhere in over 20 years but I managed to white-knuckle it for 8 hours. A little wine at JFK before our flight didn’t hurt either. I almost didn’t even mind sitting like a sardine in an anchovy can called Alitalia. We vowed that if we ever got rich, we would fly first class, you know, like the big fish.
So my much younger multi-tasking sister Lisa, having done this trip before, had a mental itinerary in mind, so needless to say, we hit the ground running the minute we stepped off the plane. As long as I was awake, I said I was game. The main purpose of our trip was to visit our octogenarian aunt Maria who lives alone in the ancient city of Chieti, which is nestled in the mountainous Abruzzo region of Italy. Although I talk weekly by phone with Zia Maria, I had not seen her in 53 years. This was going to be EPIC.
To reach Chieti, we would have to take a bus from Rome for 2 1/2 hours to go straight across to Chieti, so we decided to rest up in Rome and leave early the next day. Did I say rest up? Ha…we were both wired having survived the plane ride, so we checked into our hotel and then hit the cobbled roads. So here goes a snapshot of our journey.
Oops, I think I cropped it (the apron) too much :))
Along the way, we stopped for a great lunch of spaghetti and baby clams, bruschetta with tomatoes, mozzarella and anchovies, shrimp risotto and then walked some more. I was surprised to see so many bars, but not like you may think. There appears to be a coffee or gelato bar on every corner. Of course we had to sample along the way. My head turned left and right as we walked, much like watching a tennis match, trying to absorb all the sights.
Later, we stopped for a Roman style pizza with onion, cheese and guanciale (pork cheek) and roasted potatoes. Satisfied, we returned to our hotel. The Italians are so practical. I had forgotten they have a bidet in every bathroom. Mind you, they are not used for your feet, but even with comfortable Sketchers, my feet were hot and throbbing from what seemed like an Amazing Race finale over cobblestone. So I filled the bidet with ice cold water and plunged my feet in for several minutes. Instant relief and a good night’s sleep. Lisa on the other hand wore open wedgie sandals no worse for the wear. What a difference a couple of decades make!
The following morning, we got our tickets for Chieti at the bus terminal. We had to be the luckiest two people on the planet since we snagged the top two front row seats on a fabulously comfortable double decker bus. What a view!
During our visit, I was introduced to family friends and neighbors of our aunt, who are the most gracious people. Teresa and Antonello, Isabella and Nicola, Cousin Giovanni and Maria Cristina. I will cherish the feasts we enjoyed in their company and the lovingly made food created from scratch by our aunt. Thankfully she “allowed” me and Lisa to shell some beans and roll and dimple some potato gnocchi.
Gnocchi di Patate
We also had a fabulous fish feast in a family-style restaurant called Fillipo’s in Pescara, a neighboring town, hosted by Teresa and Antonello. Unforgettable and visually stunning. See for yourself…..
Before leaving Chieti, we also had a great dinner with Giovanni and Maria Cristina at a local restaurant that specializes in regional dishes. Two of them are here below, fresh pasta with mushrooms and black truffle and Arrosticini (mini lamb kabobs.) Lisa posted her re-creation of Arrosticini recently. Go check it out. It looks fabulous.
We did not leave Chieti without going to their Megalo Mall and stocked up on all the pasta we could squeeze into our luggage. I was happy to see brands we could find here in the U.S., namely DeCecco and DelVerde, both products of the Abruzzo region. We grabbed some Cuoretti (heart shaped pastina) and pasta alla chitarra (square shaped spaghetti pressed through a guitar string gadget), shapes that are not readily found here.
Saying good-bye was the hardest, we did a three-way embrace as we had when we arrived and cried like babies. Zia Maria is petite and delicate, but her energy blew us away. We walked every day and could hardly keep up with her. Lisa and I agreed that the fountain of youth blossoms under the Chieti sky, eating locally grown produce, making your own fresh pasta and walking, walking and walking some more, same as our grandmother did. I tagged along on her morning market trips as a kid, mostly to get my daily Bomba treat. Now we did it for a week with our aunt. Not much changed, I was glad to see.
Many stores in Italy still close after lunchtime for a couple of hours and then reopen later in the afternoon. How civilized. You could take a nap or take a stroll. Italians love their dogs too. We passed a friendly signora who was walking her French Bulldog and referred to him lovingly - come amore (Italian for love). Strangers passing by on the narrow cobbled roads, greeted us with a simple “buon giorno” and a smile. Our grandmother lived to be a 100. Now we know why.
We took our bus back to Rome that evening and checked into the same hotel, not before some more sights. We took a quick taxi to Campo De Fiori and had our last dinner there, fried stuffed zucchini blossoms, fried artichoke Jewish style, potato gnocchi and pasta all’amatriciana. We walked it off and passed the Fontana Di Trevi.
Living dangerously before our noon flight the next morning, Lisa says, “hey, are you up to squeezing in the Vatican”. She promised we would not miss our flight. I grew excited as images of me taking a selfie with Pope Francis danced in my over-active imagination, So we hopped in another cab and were dropped off at Ponte Sant’Angelo overlooking the Fiume Tevere. All in all, it was a visit I will cherish, with wonderful memories of Lisa, Zia Maria and all the warm people I met along the way. Now I’m going to make some of that pasta.
ARRIVEDERCI ROMA……E CHIETI
Barbecuing. For some reason, it’s long been a mystery to me.
As any witness to my “Great Chicken Leg Disaster” of 2011 can attest, this cooking style is not exactly my forte. Having accepted this fate, I’ve basically left the grilling arts to the experts ever since. Well, at least until a few days ago, when I enlisted a good friend/barbecue consultant to help me tackle the above project.
During recent travels, I’ve become re-acquainted with Abruzzo’s proud tradition of Arrosticini – succulent, miniature lamb kabobs, grilled over coal. Simple, delicious. Just good cuts of meat carved into dainty little cubes, threaded onto skewers, and dressed with olive oil and salt. That’s all, folks. This is old-school Italian mountain shepherd food, and if you try to fancy it up, it will become something else.
2 lbs. Lamb (if you dislike Lamb, try using London Broil)
Salt (Pink Himalayan worked well here)
Cut the meat into ½ inch cubes. This is actually quite a bit of cutting. Try to enlist help for this part, because even though it’s worth it, your patience – and your knife technique – will be tested. Thread the pieces onto wooden skewers (for about 1/3 of the length of the stick) and brush with olive oil. Try to alternate leaner pieces of meat with fattier ones, or with actual pieces of fat. Calm down, most of it will melt away
Grill the meat over a moderate coal flame, turning and checking them almost continually by twirling the skewers, sort of like a fiery game of fusball. In fact, recruiting a second player at this stage also makes a lot of sense, in case the meat cooks quicker than you anticipate and you need to emergency evacuate the skewers. These festivities will go on five minutes *tops.* So, be ready to move fast, and for God’s sake, do not overcook them.
Remove the little lovelies from the flame, season with salt and stand them up next to each other in a deep bowl lined with aluminum foil that you can wrap around the skewers. This way they’ll stay all cozy and warm until you’re ready to have at them.
Serve with grilled bread brushed with olive oil and/or roasted potatoes. Best enjoyed with Montepulciano D’Abruzzo and Gassosa, but Captain Lawrence Freshchester also proved mighty tasty. Serves 4.
If you’re looking for an Italian umami, look no further. Panzanella began as a humble meal reviving day-old crusty bread with fresh vine-ripened tomatoes. Sometimes the simplest ingredients are the most satisfying, especially during summer’s bounty of fresh produce. Now is the time to make this dish while tomatoes are in full swing.
Since there is no such thing as day-old bread in our house, I use thick slices of fresh Italian bread kissed with olive oil and garlic and then toast it in the oven. If you love Bruschetta, you will love this easy one-bowl dish.
I added grilled shrimp to elevate it to a main meal and the pickled onions…..well that’s where the oooooh mommy comes in.
4-5 thick slices of Italian bread
extra virgin olive oil
1 pint of cherry tomatoes
1 lb. large shrimp
3 cloves minced garlic
5-6 fresh basil leaves
1 red onion
Pickled Onion: First thinly slice one large red onion into a bowl, blanch it in a small pot of boiling water for a minute, rinse and drain. Place the sliced onion in a mason-type jar to which you add 1 Tbs. salt, 2 Tbs.. extra virgin olive oil and 3/4 cup white balsamic vinegar. Mix well and refrigerate at least 3 hours, but it’s best overnight. This condiment will last several weeks refrigerated and can be used to top burgers, steak, salmon, grilled sausage or stuffed in Panini or cold sandwiches.
When you are ready to assemble the Panzanella, mince the garlic and add 1/4 cup extra virgin olive oil and a pinch of salt in a small bowl and brush the sliced Italian bread on both sides. Toast in a 400 degree oven until golden on the edges. After cooling, cut the bread in bite-size pieces and place in a large bowl. In another bowl, cut the cherry tomatoes in half, add the minced basil, a heaping forkful of the pickled onions and salt and pepper to taste. Let is rest for about 10 minutes.
Clean the jumbo shrimp and pat dry. Dust with rice flour seasoned with salt, pepper and garlic powder (I shake it all in a ziplock bag) and pan saute in a drizzle of olive oil (or on the grill). Fold the tomatoes and shrimp into the bread bowl until all the juices soak into the bread. Let stand a few minutes mixing occasionally, or if you can’t wait, just dig right in.
Optional add-ins: pitted Kalamata olives and grated Ricotta Salata.
How easy is that?
Newsflash: record-breaking heat waves are not the best time to tend to bubbling cauldrons of tomato sauce. There’s no huge backstory to this recipe, except that it’s summery, easy, super quick and surprisingly delicious. Besides boiling a pound of pasta for 7-8 minutes (you can do it!), there is no cooking required
So… let’s get to it – you’ll need:
3/4 cup olive oil
1 cup grated parmesan (preferably parmiggiano reggiano)
the fresh juice and zest of 3 lemons, or more to taste
¾ teaspoon salt, plus more to taste
½ teaspoon freshly ground black pepper, plus more to taste
1 pound of the pasta of your choice (Bionature gluten free rotini were used in the above)
3/4 cup chopped fresh basil
Optional Mix Ins:
diced fresh tomatoes, grilled chicken, shrimp or whatever your imagination dictates.
If you want a richer sauce you can even substitute creme fraiche for all or part of the olive oil. Do you what you gotta do ;).
So, while the pasta is cooking, wash and zest the lemons and squeeze out the juice. Chop the basil. Combine the oil, basil, parmesan, lemon juice and zest and salt and pepper.
Cook the pasta until it is very al dente, since it will continue cooking during the final prep. Drain and reserve 1/2 cup of the pasta water. Return the pasta to the pot and add the lemon mixture and toss with the parmesan and basil. Toss in some cooking liquid, a few spoonfuls at a time, to help create the sauce. Season with salt, pepper and additional lemon and olive oil, to taste. Serves 4.
Once upon a time, at least a couple of centuries ago, the Italian Association of Pasta Namers congregated at their annual conference at St. Peter’s Foursquare to cast their vote on the ever-growing cute names for pasta shapes. These elders gave us whimsical names like orecchiette (little ears) and strozzapreti (priest chokers). I guess they lost their humor when they baptized the rice-shaped pasta in the box with the name orzo, which is more suitable for soup or those skeevy salads you may find fermenting under the deli case dome.
Orzo in Italian is actually the name for barley, no resemblance to the boxed stuff, but I guess they couldn’t name it riso (rice), lest some stunad tried to make risotto with it. In any event, this grain is easy on the stomach and won’t spoil in this hot weather, just in case you decide to bring it to a BBQ or picnic. Should feed 6-8 as a side. There are only a handful of ingredients so it is simple and quick to put together. Below are general measurements, which you can tweak to your taste, but don’t leave anything out. Capeesh?
1 1/2 cups barley, cooked per package directions
2 Tbs. capers with 3 Tbs. caper juice out of the jar
1 minced shallot
2 medium vine-ripened tomatoes, chopped
half a jar of pitted Kalamata olives, cut in half to rule out pits
1 clove minced garlic
4 lg. leaves of fresh basil, chopped
1/2 cup extra virgin olive oil
garlic salt to taste
After cooking the barley, about 20 minutes or so, it will maintain a firm texture. This is normal. Taste it, you don’t want it to turn to mush. Drain in a sieve and rinse with cold water. Place cooled barley in large mixing bowl. Throw in all the other ingredients you have prepped while the barley was cooking and blend. That’s it.
How often do you get an obsessive craving for something delectable but don’t have the stuff to make it? Ashamed to say, while sipping my morning cafe latte the other day, I found myself in front of my pantry staring at a box of synthetic meh and cheese. Fragments of a foodie dream must have brought me there. The long-gone expiration date begged for the trash and I complied. But now I wanted mac and cheese all the more. How did that get there anyway?
As the daughter of a WWII veteran who helped her dad build an underground fallout shelter, part of my gene pool exalts the merits of being prepared for an apocalypse. No, I’m not a “prepper”, but I do like to cover my bases. Call me neurotic, but when I am down to the last bit of anything, it goes on “The List” so I never run out.
This is where a well stocked refrigerator and pantry come in handy. Most perishable items can be frozen, ready for your calling. Pleased with the benefits of my neuroses, I gathered the ingredients for my Italianized and adult-friendly version of macaroni and cheese. I rolled up my sleeves all the while salivating and here are the results. Hope you like this variation. Mac and cheese is a universal dish with many countries adding their own native ingredients so have fun and play around with your favorite tastes. This is the joy of cooking.
3 Tbs. butter
3 Tbs. flour
1/2 tsp. garlic powder
3 cups of half and half (or mixture of milk and light cream)
one cup of each: shredded Asiago, Fontina and Monterey Jack
Melt the butter in a saucepan, whisk in the flour and cook for two minutes on low/medium heat. Slowly add the milk/cream and stir until smooth and hot. Add the garlic powder and slowly add the cheeses while stirring all the time and when melted, take off the heat. Cover and set aside.
3/4 cup diced pancetta
1 pkg. prosciutto, chopped
2 cloves garlic, minced
1 1/2 cups frozen petite peas
1/2 cup Italian panko breadcrumbs
1 lb. box fusilli pasta cooked al dente
Saute the diced pancetta in 2 tbs. olive oil until golden and then add the minced garlic. Saute another two minutes and then scoop it all out with a slotted spoon into a large mixing bowl and set aside. In the same saucepan, saute the chopped prosciutto until golden and crispy, all the while separating the bits as much as possible. Take off the heat and set aside. Cook the pasta al dente, and place drained pasta in the large bowl with the pancetta and toss. Add the frozen peas and stir in the melted cheese sauce until all is incorporated.
Place the mac and cheese into an oblong glass or earthenware baking dish that has been pre-smeared with butter. Top with the panko crumbs and prosciutto bits. Bake at 350 degrees for about 20-30 minutes until the top starts to bubble on the edges and crumbs start to turn golden in color. Serves 4-6 happily.
Goddesses come in many flavors these days: Earth Goddesses, Wiccans, Inner Goddesses Doing Cartwheels, and of course Domestic Goddesses. While this renaissance is playing out in ways both serious and silly, the Sacred Feminine is finally getting the respect she deserves. But long before today’s pop culture Goddess parade, there was the real – and mythical – figure called the Azdora.
The Azdora (or Zdora or Rezdora, depending on your regional dialect) is the historic, archetypal woman of Italy’s agricultural past. She was the woman of the house, the incident commander, accountant and administrator of all things home. Naturally, the kitchen was the nerve center of her operation, and she would prepare an array of foods, mind boggling both in quality and quantity, for her gigantic, extended family. Beyond the formidable task of running the home, she often helped earn income through the sale of household and agricultural goods. Even Sheryl Sandberg would have to admit, these women totally “Leaned In.”
My friend Italian friend Maria Cristina introduced me to this idea and it keeps coming back to me for some reason. I guess it’s because most women I know are modern-day Azdoras, tackling immense, complex and never ending responsibilities at work, at home and as parents. Times and technology may have changed, but the workload has not.
Yes, aspiring to be a “Goddess” is fun, but I think I’ll settle for the fun of being a flesh-and-blood woman who gets it right occasionally. So the Azdora is my muse.
Her specialty and (literal) labor of love was silky, homemade pasta, so in honor of Mother’s Day, here is a my mom Anna’s recipe for Pasta all’ Uovo (Homemade Egg Pasta):
3 cups all-purpose flour, and more as needed
4 large eggs
2 pinches of Saffron
½ teaspoon salt
Pile three cups of flour in a mound on a marble or wooden work surface. With immaculately clean hands, make a well in the center. Crack the eggs into the well and add the salt and Saffron. Beat the eggs until foamy, and slowly incorporate the flour from the sides of the crater into the egg mixture. As you go, the egg mixture will thicken, and the sides of the will become thinner. Be careful not to collapse the sides, because the egg will rapidly run out, volcano-style. Continue beating until the dough becomes too stiff to mix with a fork. Flour your hands well and knead the remaining flour into the dough until it is rough and slightly sticky. Scrape any dough from the kneading surface and sprinkle with flour again.
Knead the dough it by gathering it into a compact ball, then pushing the ball down and away from you with the heels of your hands. Repeat over and over and over until it’s smooth, silky and elastic – about 5 to 10 minutes of continual kneading. Flour the work surface and your hands lightly any time the dough begins to stick.
Roll the dough into a smooth ball and place in a small bowl. Cover with plastic wrap. Let the dough rest at least one hour at room temperature before rolling and shaping the pasta. At this point, you will roll the pasta into a sheet about 1/8 “ wide, using a long wooden rolling pin, and a lot of focus and patience. Cut the dough in wide strips that will fit either your manual or electric pasta maker and follow the machine’s directions to create the cut of your choice. Make sure that you cover the strips that aren’t yet being used, so they don’t dry out. Once the pasta is cut, place on a tray and sprinkle with flour, so they don’t stick together. Boil the pasta in salted, rapidly boiling water for five minutes or until al dente and serve with your favorite sauce.
La Cipolla just announced the marriage between Finocchio and Cipollini. Yes, both are females (but could also be males in the marriage equality world of vegetables) and they are inveterate multi-taskers. Avid gardeners know all about male and female life in the plant world. Don’t get excited, nothing kinky here. Some self-propagate and others need help via artificial pollination. The garden really doesn’t care.
Ms. Finocchio aka Fennel is from Florence, Italy and known for her contribution to the digestive system. Her tea can calm colic in babies, as well as hyper-tooting in dogs. Her pleasant anise-like aura is used as a flavoring in some natural toothpastes and her seeds are often found in Indian and Middle Eastern cuisine as a breath freshener. On the wild side, she was instrumental in producing the much-maligned Absinthe, originally used as a medicinal elixer.
The diminutive Ms. Cipollini, also a native of Italy, and viewed as the less well-endowed sister of La Cipolla (onion), is an activist in the anti-inflammatory, anti-cholesterol and antioxidant departments of her family and is sweet and very mellow. Both were dressed in a veil of extra virgin olive oil, a dash of balsamic vinegar and a dusting of salt and pepper. After the ceremony and a roast, they were dusted with grated parmesan.
Now before you think I’ve gone totally bonkers. I’m just having some fun with words. Think of how often you hear XX or YY “marry well” with each other on the cooking shows ever pushing the envelope to new ideas. Popular ham and eggs are fine, but so is a Prosciutto Frittata. Thinking outside the box is liberating.
In this recipe, fennel marries well with small onions. Simple. Real. Just saying, marriages work well in many combinations. And if marriage equality passes in the real world, I hope to introduce the marriage of Mr. Tom Turkey stuffed with Rocky Mountain Oyster Dressing just in time for next Thanksgiving. Stay tuned.
2 fennel bulbs, tops taken off, cut in quarters and bottom core removed
one mesh bag (about a dozen) cipollini, peeled (if you can’t find cipollini, you can use small Vidalia onions cut in half)
1/4 cup extra virgin olive oil
4 Tbs. of balsamic vinegar (or Worcestershire sauce)
salt & pepper to taste
Arrange fennel and onions in one layer in baking dish and drizzle the oil and vinegar all over making sure all parts are covered. Roast in a 350 degree oven for about 40 minutes. They should be slightly golden and soft inside.You can also wrap these girls in a slightly open foil pouch and place on the BBQ grill. Sprinkle with grated parmesan before serving.
Also marries well with creamy Risotto
Another pitfall is the wild variation in terms of recipes. It could present as either a dry brick smothered in ketchup, or seasoned with Lipton’s onion soup mix or bloated with enough fillers to serve as a cost-effective go-to menu item at the most discerning mess halls, boarding school dining rooms or incarceration facilities.
In Italian, the Polpettone (which translates loosely to “Big Meatball”) carries no such reputation challenge. Usually, it’s the very savory union of two or three types of meat, combined with two or three types of cheese, and often, (FTW) two types of booze.
Then, there’s that little element of surprise. It’s often stuffed with a secret ingredient – hard boiled eggs, mushrooms, cheese, ham, or even chestnuts at Christmastime. I’m going out on a limb to say that this recipe, courtesy of my Aunt Maria, is the awesomest. Before you all start gunning for me, let me remind you that Polpettones, like other art forms, are enjoyed subjectively – like Pollacks or Picassos. Take this one for a spin and then let’s compare notes
1 lb total of ground beef and/or pork and/or veal
1 cup grated parmiggiano reggiano cheese
1 cup grated pecorino romano cheese
2 cups fresh or panko breadcrumbs
1/2 cup milk
1 cup white wine
1/2 cup of cognac
6 ounces mortadella, minced (or ground up in a food processor)
Chicken broth, optional
Salt and black pepper to taste
Hard boiled Eggs
Sliced Prosciutto and Provolone
Soak the Panko in milk for five minutes and squeeze out any remaining moisture. Combine the ground meat with the eggs, moistened breadcrumbs, cognac, cheeses and mortadella until well incorporated. Divide the meat in half and create a rectangle base of the loaf on the bottom of a glass baking dish. Add the filling of your choice straight down the center of the meat. If you use hard boiled eggs, cut the pointy ends off so that they can cozy up to one another. Cover the bottom layers with the top layer of meat and pinch together to form a seal. Cover with plastic wrap and refrigerate a couple of hours or overnight.
When you’re ready to bake, preheat the oven to 350 degrees and pour the wine over the meat. If you have an extra dash of cognac or brandy on hand, feel free to add that as well. Bake for about an hour, basting every 15 minutes or so. When done, let the meat cool a half hour, slice and arrange on a serving platter. Cover and keep it warm. Deglaze the bottom of the baking dish, adding extra wine or broth if needed, simmer until the wine is cooked out, strain the sauce and spoon over the meat just before serving.
If you are organized enough to make this the day before, it will taste even better Serves 6-8.
If I could have meatballs fall from the sky, I would be standing outside with my mouth wide open. Anyone who has read the delightful Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs to his or her children or grandchildren will know what I am talking about. But in my book, the meatballs would be falling from heaven where my mom is head of the C.I.A. (Culinary Italian Association) and filling some very happy bellies.
One Sunday mom was making these marble-sized meatballs for a lasagna recipe. I nagged her until she let me help so we started rolling assembly-line style in our tiny kitchen. Of course they had to be the right size, but as I tired, the balls got bigger and bigger, as did my mom’s side-eyed look that needed no translation. A look much like Aunt Raffi shoots Giada on her Everyday Italian cooking show. Now I have no one to give me the “look”. Funny the things you miss. What I don’t miss however is making the balls marble-sized, as the photo above confesses.
Now I reserve this recipe for a lazy Sunday while my bottle of Montepulciano d’Abruzzo is breathing and Andrea Bocelli is singing. Being a control freak, I prefer to grind my own meat, but you can have your butcher do it for you if you wish. The sauce that goes with this is a breeze and should feed an army of friends and family. P.S. I always throw in a few tiny meatballs for mom just not to piss her off and then bring some to my favorite elderly neighbor. Almost the same as meatballs falling from heaven.
1 -1/2 lb. chuck London Broil
3/4 lb. boneless short ribs
1 -1/2 lb. chicken tenders
4 sweet (or hot) Italian sausages, casings removed
1 -1/4 lb. boneless country pork ribs
3 oz. package prosciutto
3 large eggs
1 cup grated Pecorino Romano
2 cups cubed white bread
3 cloves garlic, minced
1/4 cup chopped flat parsley
4 shakes Worcestershire sauce
1 cup buttermilk
Cut up all the meat in two-inch cubes and grind the meat in batches (or select the meats and give it to your butcher to grind) placing all in a large bowl. Remove crust from the bread and soak in the buttermilk for half an hour. Squeeze the bread cubes of most of the liquid and place into the meat bowl. Add the eggs, grated cheese, garlic, parsley and Worcestershire sauce. Mix the contents of the bowl with your hands until blended. Pinch chunks of meat mixture to create the balls any size you like, usually a bit bigger than golf balls. It helps to wet your hands a bit for better handling and with a light touch so they don’t get too hard. I place them on a cookie sheet until all are done. Then I fry them in a large non-stick frying pan with a drizzle of olive oil. They will not cook all the way through in this step, you just want to brown them nicely. You can start making the sauce now where they will finish cooking.
1 large minced onion
4 cloves minced garlic
1 large 28 oz. can San Marzano crushed tomatoes
4 – 15 oz. cans Del Monte Tomato Sauce
4 tbs. chopped fresh basil
In a large pot or slow cooker, lightly brown the onion, and then add the minced garlic and saute one minute, then add all the sauce. Slow simmer the sauce and as the meatballs brown, lower them slowly into the sauce. Simmer on low for at least two hours, stirring occasionally. Add the chopped fresh basil during the last half hour of cooking. Serve over your favorite pasta topped with some grated Pecorino. Now you can pour the wine and enjoy.
Here’s (one of) mine: I’m begging you, please don’t refer to pasta sauce as gravy. Gravy goes on Thanksgiving turkey or Sunday roast beef. Man, it feels great to get that one off my chest. Food snobbery, you say? Not even – I eat pretty much everything, sometimes in bizarre combinations and often in embarrassing quantities.
Nope, my issue probably stems from the fact that a) I write and edit for a living and b) I’m a first generation American who has always been sensitive to certain, umm, stereotypes. So for me, words like “capish” (a bastardization of “capisci,” which means to understand) are not unlike fingernails scraping against a chalkboard. There are many other examples, but you get the idea. Anyway, thanks for letting me vent!
Today’s bizarre word association brings to mind Pasta Fazool. It’s an Americanized take on the Neopolitan name for the “proper” Italian Pasta e Fagioli (pasta and bean soup). Call it what you will, but be sure to give this unusual and delicious version a try this winter.
1 pound of ditalini pasta
2 cans of borlotti beans, rinsed
1 lb can of pureed San Marzano tomatoes
2 green peppers, chopped
4 cloves of garlic, chopped
1/4 cup olive oil
1/4 cup of minced Italian flat leaf parsley
1/4 cup of chopped basil
crushed red pepper, optional
In a large pot, combine the tomatoes, garlic, peppers, basil and parsley. Simmer 20 minutes or until reduced by one third.
Add the borlotti beans and cook 5 more minutes.
Remove from heat and salt to taste. Add the olive oil. (It’s important to add the oil at the end so it keeps its fruity flavor.
As the sauce cooks, boil the pasta until extremely al dente, as the pasta will absorb more liquid later on.
Drain and reserve 2 cups of pasta water.
Combine pasta with beans and sauce. if you prefer a soupier dish, add the reserved pasta water until the consistency is to your liking and adjust the salt accordingly.
If you like it hot, add some red pepper.
In Abruzzo, we usually don’t usually add grated cheese to this dish. But of course add it if you want. But do me one favor: taste it first. You may find that the aromatic garlic and herbs, sweet tomatoes and starchy beans, combined with al dente pasta, are perfect as is.
Following all the Thanksgiving and Christmas feasting, my mind automatically vows to lose the 5 lbs. I gained. Note, I said my mind, because my mind and my mouth don’t always speak to each other. Since there are no major holidays ahead, except for New Year’s, I may achieve my goal if I’m good. Wait…..how many calories are there in Prosecco?? Well it could be worse. After chatting with my Zia Maria in Italy over the holidays, I was reminded they are far from done yet. Their Christmas season doesn’t end until La Befana (Epiphany) on January 6th when kids get more presents and sweets
As for me, I am happy to go on to the New Year, fiscal cliff nosedive or not. I was hoping to tighten my belt, but as a result of losing those 5 lbs., not carving my food budget. This recipe fits the bill. It is easy, elegant, inexpensive and will welcome the New Year in style. Perhaps a little less CNN in the background would help. The topping and ragu can be made ahead of time and refrigerated until you are in a polenta mood.
In addition to the following ingredients, you will also need a package of fresh mozzarella sliced thin and some shredded Fontina to layer between the polenta squares.
Roasted Tomato Topping:
Roast the following in a glass roasting dish at 300 degrees for about 2-3 hours:
2 pints red and yellow cherry tomatoes cut in halves
4 cloves minced garlic
drizzle of extra virgin olive oil
Short Rib Ragu:
1 larged minced shallot
4-6 short ribs
1 finely minced carrot
1 stalk finely minced celery
2 cups homemade leftover marinara sauce or 15 oz. jar San Marzano or Muir Glen fire roasted crushed tomatoes
two shakes of Worcestershire sauce
salt & pepper to taste
pinch of thyme
1/2 cup red wine
While the cherry tomatoes are roasting, you start the ragu by braising the short ribs in a high saute pan until all sides are browned. Add the minced ingredients and stir around for a few minutes. Then add the rest of the ingredients and simmer on low for three hours on stovetop (or ovenproof vessel next to the roasting cherry tomatoes.) When the three hours are up, shred the tender short ribs with two forks and put back in the ragu pot.
Prepare the Bellino Instant Polenta per package directions, or use the longer cooking type if you can find it. I make it with chicken broth instead of water, add 2 tbs. of butter and a handful of grated Parmesan. Spread the polenta on a large baking sheet and smooth the top with the back of a wet spoon and let cool until firm. Polenta should be spread about 1/4 inch high. The rest is a matter of assembly onto a large baking dish as follows:
one layer of polenta squares
spoon over some short rib ragu
top with slices of mozzarella
add another layer of polenta squares topped with the ragu
spread shredded Fontina all over
top with third layer of polenta squares
top with the roasted cherry tomatoes and more cheese if you desire
Bake in 350 oven for about 15 minutes until heated thoroughly and enjoy!
Options: What’s great about polenta is that is it very versatile. You can swap some ingredients to your own liking. I’ve made this with sauteed crumbled Italian sausage as well as vegetarian versions of sauteed portabella mushrooms and onions or sauteed vegetables like zucchini, onions, asparagus and spinach. If you don’t have time to slice and layer, you can just ladle the freshly made polenta into bowls and spoon over your ragu. Even chili is great over polenta! Serves 4-6.
Out of nowhere last week, I was clobbered by a free floating jones for Pierogis, Poland’s answer to the Ravioli. The eastern European strains of my DNA would no longer be denied and Mrs. T’s wasn’t gonna cut it. Nope – they’d have to be just like my Italian mamma used to make. This was problematic, because while I had seen her make them countless times, I never got the precise recipe. Yes, I could slap myself silly for this. Instead, I decided to focus on making these carbohydrate grenades. I earnestly posted my intentions on Facebook and was met with the approving likes of various friends, family and random Pierogi enthusiasts.
The problem is, when you open your big mouth, you kind of have to follow through, even when you subsequently realize you are way too tired/busy/overwhelmed/intimidated at the moment to attempt this, the matka of all peasant food. Anyway, I got it together, compiled the recipe below, made a pot of coffee and set aside Sunday morning to make these bad boys.
OK, these are a lot of work. Especially when you’re flying solo and have two five- year-olds with opposing agendas. I lost steam midway through. But, just like the fava shelling “incident” of last summer, I had one of those transcendent moments. It struck me as cool that I was doing something my mother and my Polish aunts and grandmother and countless female relatives reaching back generations before me had done. It made me feel close to them, even though they were gone. (In fact, I never got to meet Jousefa, my Polish grandmother.) I imagined they could see me standing there, covered in flour, giggling at my amateurish technique, and probably wishing they could convey some pointers.
I did determine my mom used wrap traditional filling in Italian pasta dough. Next time, that’s how Ima gonna do it. But for now, here’s the recipe that I used.
2 cups flour, plus extra for kneading
½ tsp. salt
1 large egg
½ cup sour cream
¼ cup softened butter
To prepare the dough, mix together the flour and salt. Add the egg, sour cream and softened butter to the flour and the dough until it loses most of its stickiness (about 5 minutes). Form the dough into a ball, wrap it in plastic and refrigerate for 20-30 minutes or overnight. Each batch of dough makes about 15-18 pierogi.
Peel and boil 5 large potatoes until soft. Let them cook and out them through a ricer. As the potatoes boil, finely chop 1 large onion and saute in butter until soft and translucent, about 15 minutes. Add the onions and oz of grated farmer’s cheese or sharp cheddar cheese. Add salt and pepper to taste.
Rinse two 10-oz packages of white mushrooms. Chop them in a blender until fine and sauté along with a finely chopped onion until the liquid dries, about 15 minutes. Add 2 tbs sour cream, salt, a ½ tsp of dry thyme and salt and pepper to taste.
Roll the Pierogi dough on a floured board or countertop until 1/8″ thick. Cut circles of dough about 3″ wide with a cookie cutter or drinking glass. Place a about a tablespoon of either filling on each dough round and fold the dough over, forming a semi-circle. Press the edges together with the tines of a fork. (A dumpling/empanada maker will make this task much easier, and the end result will be prettier.)
Boil the Pierogis in salted water for 3-4 minutes. Drain and serve with caramelized onions and sour cream. You can also fry them in butter once they are drained. They are also tasty with parmesan cheese J